A Perfect Fit

No matter if you call home a one-bedroom apartment in the city or a multi-bedroom single-family home in the suburbs, you want to create a space that reflects your personality. And no room is as personal as your bedroom. But filling it with too much stuff or furniture that’s too big won’t create a satisfying sanctuary for you. In fact, it could become a source of agitation if you try to squeeze in a king-sized bed in a room that’s better suited for queen bed dimensions. So before you go shopping for throw pillows, take a little time to figure out how to perfectly size up your bedroom.


Measuring Up

It would be great if every space could fit a king-sized bed, but that’s just not reality. Some bedrooms run on the small side and you have to choose the bed size that will compliment the space, not consume it.

Most likely, you’re familiar with the different mattress categories of twin, full, queen, king, and California king, but do you know how much space they require?
Here are the standard dimensions (width x length in inches):
Twin: 38 x 75
Full: 54 x 75
Queen: 60 x 80
King: 76 x 80
California king: 72 x 84

Depending on the manufacturer, the measurements can vary by an inch or two.

Keep in mind, these are mattress measurements and they don’t account for the actual bed frame. When calculating what size bed will work best in your bedroom, you also have to accommodate for the head- and footboards as well as the space immediately surrounding the bed so you have room to walk around or places available for other furniture.

First, choose the mattress category you think will fit well in your bedroom. Then tack on 4 to 12 inches for the head- and footboards—assign streamlined, narrow frames a lower number and a higher one for larger, bulkier designs.

Add another 3 inches to allow for comforters and other bedding. Then finally, add 24 to 36 inches on each side and at the foot of the bed as “free space.”

Now calculate the sum for the width and length. This is how much space you must allot for that particular size bed. For example:
Queen mattress: 60 inches wide & 80 inches long
Medium-sized frame: 2 x 7 inches (7 for the headboard thickness and 7 for footboard thickness)
Comforter: 3 inches x 2 (each side of bed)
Free space: 24 x 3 (each side and foot of the bed)

Width total: 60 + 6 (each side of comforter) + 48 (each side of bed) = 114 inches
Length total: 80 + 14 (headboard + footboard) + 24 (foot of bed) = 118 inches

In order to fit a queen-sized bed with a medium-sized frame into your bedroom, you should devote at least 9-1/2 feet in width and 9-3/4 feet in length. So if your bedroom is 10 x 10 feet, then the queen is probably not the best choice for you because there’s little space leftover.

What Are the Healthiest Countries for Children?

A recent study in the US News has compiled the 50 healthiest counties across the country based on a number of factors.  They looked at a range of information including low birth weight, infant death rate, children in poverty and injury death rate to give a picture of the best places across the country.

“AccessiblePlayground” by Versageek – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

 Good and Bad

Of course, with all the recent developments discussed in health care reform news, perhaps the story is more the worst counties and what needs to be done with them.  One such example is a volunteer outfit in San Francisco that is providing snacks to children in schools around mid-morning.  This is because teachers are finding by around 10am kids from low-income home are beginning to fidget and lose concentration because they haven’t had any breakfast.  So the volunteers come in with a range of snacks from stringy cheese to carrots and fruit.  The program called Morning Snack Program, started in spring 2009 and now gives 11,000 children a snack at over 30 public schools each day.

Programs like this are contributing to San Francisco rating well in the new Healthiest Counties study despite being an expensive city with a number of low-income areas.  The study doesn’t take into account just the quality of the health care but other factors as well, such as preventing injury in the first place.

Top of the list

The top of the list county is Marin County, California, just across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco.  One of the big things about the county is that 80% of its electricity comes from renewable sources, leading to much lower pollution than other areas.  Pollution is linked to stroke, heart disease and lung cancer as well as respiratory diseases.  They also rate highly due to the policies they have put in place to ensure that kids are eating well, are physically active and have access to good health care.

Third on the list is Washington County, Rhode Island who have a Kids Count policy designed to improve the health, education, safety and economic well-being of children in its area.  Their recent successes have included dental care for low-income kids and working to get health insurance for all of its children.  Signs of success are already showing as between 2010-12 only 6% of under 18s were uninsured in the county, compared to the national average of 9.4%.

Howard County, Maryland comes in fourth on the list and credit this in part to their smoking ban in all of its parks.  They also have a scheme called Healthy Howard that certifies everything from schools and childcare facilities to restaurants and workplaces so people can make an informed choice about where to work, live and eat.  They were also the first county to ban minors from using tanning beds.


One thing stands out from these figures is that these areas have made a conscious effort to focus on the wellbeing of its children, not simply getting them educated or getting them health care but all aspects of their lives.  And while it won’t work everywhere, there are bound to be some ideas that may help almost any county in the nation.

Top Garden Toys For Toddlers

The weather is picking up, the barbecue is being dusted off and the garden furniture getting its annual health check before use. All are signs that the summer is coming but this year, you have a little person in the household to be catered for as well. And while the best stroller can be parked up to make a portable bed should the energy levels drop, what are the best toys for toddlers around the garden?

The first point to consider in this question is how big is your garden Toddler see saw for your garden or backyardand how much of it do you want to dedicate to the kids?

Swing sets

If you have a big garden or are willing to give up a big portion of it, the ultimate garden toy is a swing set. There are some fantastic ones that can range from a young age upwards and contain everything from simple swings, to swing and slide combo or climbing frames. Much of the decision around which is best is again a space issue but also how much use the kids are going to get from the set before they outgrow it.


Unlike the ones in the park many years ago which were hard metal and immoveable, there are lots of variations of the see-saw available for the garden. These are simple, offer hours of gentle pleasure and should there be a fall, they aren’t far enough off the ground for there to be a really bad accident most of the time. Plus it is an easy toy to share because there are two sides and they are identical – none of the problems over who gets which seat when they are both the same!


As the kids get older, a trampoline often becomes a must-have but there are also some great miniature versions aimed at toddlers. These tend to be just a short distance off the ground to allow some bounce and have a sturdy handle to keep hold of when balance is a new thing. Plus, as with all trampolining, it can actually be a good form of exercise so even from a young age, it starts to build up a little strength in the legs.


Sandboxes are another type of garden toy that have lost none of their appeal but have developed into more advanced, hygienic pieces of equipment. Most of them now are made from plastic, tend to be brightly colours and have funky shapes to them. But they also often have covers or a lid that means the water doesn’t get in and neither does any of the local wildlife.

Water tables

Water tables are brilliant for the warmer days and feature a whole range of elements that can even have an educational element to them. But more than anything they are great fun and a brilliant way to get soaking wet while having a good play!


No matter how small your garden, there are always plenty of great toys for toddlers to enjoy outdoors while getting some fresh air and exercise.

3 Tips To Save Money On Your Electric Bill

We all like to save money whenever we can, and with energy prices at an all-time high saving money on utilities bills is a must. The problem

is, most people just get the bill and write the check without a thought of how they can possible save money. There are a lot of things that can be done to cut the cost of your electric bill, and they don’t take you spending a lot of money up front to do so.

Here are a few tips:

save electric bill money with the best outdoor grill
Courtesy of Derrick Leung

Turn Off Vampire Electronics 

While in the Spring electric bills tend to be at their lowest because we’re doing things like cooking on our best outdoor grills rather than in the kitchen, or not using the air conditioner or furnace, you can still do small things to save money this time of year. One of the best

things you can do is simply unplug things you’re not using. It sounds so easy, but people simply do not do it. People leave their computers running day and night, their TVs and DVD players plugged in, and even a lights running 24/7. Anytime you see that little red or blue light on something that you’re not using, you should know that is costing you money. They call these things vampire electronics because they are literally sucking money from your bank account while doing nothing for you.

Things like the DVD player, TV, microwave, DVR, computer modem, etc. should be unplugged anytime you’re not using them. You may think that it would be a pain to unplug everything you’re not using and plug it back in, but if you install power strips you can unplug and plug them in, in a matter of seconds. Allowing appliances to cost you money while they’re turned off makes little sense. It’s estimated in the United States that the average person spends $100 per year on electronics that are turned off. How would you like to have an extra hundred dollar bill in your pocket at the end of the year for simply turning things off? It’s a no brainer.

Off Peak Hours

Not everyone is aware of this, but most electric companies charge different rates depending on the time of day that you use things. Off-peak hours are the best times to do things like: wash and dry clothes, use the dishwasher, have several TVs on, etc. Peak hours are usually from 6-10am and 3-9pm, but they aren’t set in stone. Be sure to call the customer service number on the back of your electric bill to see when exactly peak hours are for you. You can save anywhere between 30-60% on your electricity rates during those hours if you use things at off-peak times. It’s another simple tip that can save you money.


It sounds like a no-brainer, but you’d be shocked at how many people don’t have adequate enough insulation in their homes. Is your electricity bill way out of whack in the winter months? Chances are that you could turn everything off and only use electricity at non-peak hours and you’d still have a high electric bill (especially if you have an all-electric home). There is nothing better someone can do to lower energy bills than to insulate their home. Adequate insulation can save you up to 30% on your energy bills, and keep heat from escaping through your roof (Remember 5th grade science where you learned that heat rises?), which in turn keeps your furnace from running constantly. It also helps your home to stay cool in the summer for the same reason.

The best way to find out if you have adequate insulation is to call your electric company to see if they have an energy audit program, if not your state’s Public Utilities Commission may provide one. An energy audit is nothing more than a certified tech coming to your home to tell you whether or not you’re losing heat, how much more insulation you’ll need, as well as other money saving tips.

Photo courtesy of Derrick Leung.

Japanese Maple Trees

Japanese gardens are becoming very popular among garden enthusiasts who possess a deep love for that style of plants and layouts. The Japanese Maple is one of the most popular trees for Japanese gardening.


japanese maple treesJapanese Maple Trees

They are very popular among gardeners and hobbits alike and with a little know how and a basic understanding of the needs of this tree, you can have a great deal of success and get a lot of enjoyment out of them. The maple tree species in general has several weak points and vulnerabilities.

If you have maple trees, and especially Japanese maples, you need to know how to properly care for them so you can enjoy them for years to come.

 Proper Care

A couple of problems can spring up when the temperatures rise and the drought conditions strike. During these times your Japanese maple trees will respond well to some mulching to help with moisture retention. Typically one tree needs 2-3 bags of mulch.

This will help protect the tree from drying out and will also offer some cooling for the root system as the heat rises.


You will also need to water your trees generously at least two times a week. Newly planted trees will require more frequent watering as will those grown in a container rather than in the ground.

Japanese mapleLeaf Tip Burns

Japanese maple trees are fairly susceptible to leaf tip burns. Many people think that this burn and drying of the leaves is due to the tree being in the sun too much. However this is not true.

It is due to watering issues where either too much or too little water is being applied to the tree. Under watering causes the leaf tissue to dry out and burn and over watering causes the tissue to rot and die and then dry out too.

A newly planted maple tree or one grown in a small container are the ones most likely to experience lead burn.


If you use too much fertilizer  you can do a lot of damage to your Japanese maple. The worst thing many novice gardeners do is they load up the fertilizer when they first plant a new tree or when the tree is under stress. This is very very bad.

The fertilizer is basically a stimulant that causes the plant to grow rapidly, thus expending its nutrients and that is the last thing you want to do to a stressed out tree or a new planting.

Fertilizer should be applied in small doses and very sparingly.

 Fall Season and Pruning

The fall season is the time for maintenance and is the best time for you to conduct an overall check up of your Japanese maple trees. This is the time of year you need to prune and trim the trees to help with the overall shape and heath of your trees.

Do not prune to control the size of the tree as heavy pruning can really stress out your trees and cause many other problems. Trim dead or crowded branches but never cut back more than ¼ of a branch length at one pruning.

With these simple tips in mind, you can enjoy yourJapanese maple trees all year around. You can enjoy these beautiful and majestic tree in your own garden or landscape.

Optima Brand Batteries Review

Batteries comes in all shapes and sizes and they can be used for a wide variety of uses. When looking for the perfect battery for your vehicle, there is one name that is becoming more and more popular.

Optima batteriesOptima batteries unique components are made of 99.99% pure lead. This allows the battery to conduct electricity faster since there are no impurities to get in the way. With electricity flowing faster, you end up with a higher and stronger burst of starting power.

This also allows it to charge faster and hold a charge longer when it is being used.

Special SpiralCell Design


Each of Optima’s six cells uses AGM – or absorbent glass mat- plates that are specially designed to hold the acid in place. These are configured in spiral cells and inserted directly into the battery cell case. This Spiralcell design allows for more surface area and provides extra support to protect the battery cells, even during intense use.

Unique Case

These batteries also have a case, completely sealed to withstand the harshest of environments and wear. With this unique battery system there are no leaks, no contaminants, and virtually no maintenance.

Benefits of Optima Batteries include:

  • Up to 2X Longer Life, Durable construction
  • High resistance to extreme temperature and vibration
  • Strongest 5-Second Starting Power
  • Instant Starting Capacity
  • Leak-Proof & Maintenance-Free
  • Specially designed battery cells allow for a tightly sealed setup
  • Resistant to All Damaging Factors

Optima batteries are corrosion resistant and can be used in all types of weather ranges and temperatures.


This Optima battery brand offers high-performance and is considered by many to be the ultimate starting battery. It is designed to deliver a powerful burst of power for the ignition and provide a reliable start up the first time, every time, on a wide range of vehicles such as cars, trucks, and motorcycles. This Optima battery will outperform traditional batteries and will outlast the competition as well. Its reputation as a reliable and powerful battery is unsurpassed in the automotive world.


This is another high-performance AGM battery deigned by Optima that has everything you need. A true dual-purpose automotive Optima Yellow Topbattery, it is ranked among the best and performs above expectations in many cases. It is commonly used as a tractor battery, forklift battery, or for other heavy duty vehicles.

It is designed for heavy use and this battery can repeatedly be drained and then fully charged time and time again. If you need high power output for towing, hauling, sound systems, or other vehicle needs, this is the Optima battery you want to keep in mind.


This is a very high-performance Optima battery that is idea for any boat or RV as it has extended running time and more recharges than any other battery. It’s the perfect marine battery and can handle the heavy towing loads for RVs. It has outstanding vibration resistance and also has an efficient power delivery and faster recharge time.

This means more fun and less worry day in and day out. This flexible  battery is ideal for those who need a reliable and powerful battery.

Portable Garage As An Option

The garage is the safest place for your vehicles to protect them from damage and weather related wear. But you cannot always be in the comfort and protection of your home garage. That does not mean you Portable garagehave to be at the mercy of the elements either.

A portable garage and portable carports offer you quick access to a temporary shelter to protect your car, truck, SUV, camper, RV, boat, lawn equipment, or anything else. They can be used short term as a temporary garage or they can be used as storage sheds on a more long term basis.

As you will see these shelters have multiple uses and that there is likely to be one to fit your needs- whatever they may be.


The composition of the portable garages varies with many different options available and that of course impacts the price range. Some of Car Coverthe set ups are simple tent like structures designed to keep rain and snow from damaging your vehicles. These are easy to carry and store and offer quick set up and tear down.

This type is ideal if you’re traveling to visit friends or family for the holidays. Others are more permanent and are made of steel pipes and canvas siding. These are still relatively easy to install but are a little more labor intensive and are bigger and bulkier in storage area requirements.

Area and Space


They also take up more area when they are fully set up so that needs to be a consideration for your choice too. You can also get portable garages that function much like storage sheds and have paneling and such. These offer the best long term protection but are difficult to set up and take up a lot of room for storage, even when fully disassembled.

Multiple Sizes

The smaller more versatile tent like portable garages can be used for other things as well. They make great temporary storage areas for tools or farm equipment. They can be used as animal shelters and feeding areas. You can use them as display tents are flea markets and fairs and vendor tables. You can also use them as tents or picnic areas while traveling and set them up alongside your RV or motor home and have a protect outdoor area to enjoy. There are many uses for these portable garages beyond simply keeping your vehicle safe.


Prices of the portable garages can vary greatly depending on the size of the structure and the materials used. Simple tent like structures can cost a few hundred dollars while the more advanced and sturdy ones can run several thousand dollars. What you end up using depends on a number of factors such as: what you will use it for, how often you will use it, where you will use it, what your price range is, and much more.

But there are plenty of options available to you to choose from and each has its own set of pros and cons. We have touched on these briefly and now you have a basis for conducting your own research as you search for the portable garage.

ScoopFree Litter Box Review

Anyone who has had cats knows how difficult it can be to keep that litter box odor down and under control. It is head enough with one ScoopFreecat but with multiple cats, it can seem almost impossible. Well there is an answer to all of your litter box woes and it is easier than you may think. The ScoopFree self cleaning litter box system is the best litter box out there and is designed to minimize odors and clean itself so that all you have to do is do a simple clean once a week or so!

Hands-Off Convenience
Superior Reliability
Unbeatable Odor Control
Quick and Easy set up
Super Easy to Use
Maintenance Free
Designed and tested to mimic high use of a multi cat home
Tested for long term use
Unique trays hold waste and lock odor in
No more seeing or touching yucky waste90-day money back guaranteeNo messy clumps
Hands come in contact with clean surfacesOne-year limited warranty for purchaseSpecially designed litter crystals stop odor


Reviews and Testimonials:After trying several other products on the market, I was totally amazed just how the ScoopFree product lives up to its name! Every bit of what it says it does, it does. I never touch it no scooping, no unclogging, no cleaning and best of all NO odors! I’ve told all of my friends with cats that they have to have one. The best money I’ve spent on my cat – ever!

-Joe Hill


I wanted to thank ScoopFree for having a product that does what it says. I have purchased three other ‘self cleaning’ litter boxes and all have failed except for ScoopFree, it is a foolproof automatic cat litter box system and a must for any cat owner.

-Wally Rutherford


I want to let everyone know that the customer service that this company provides is second to none!  I have had my box for about 8 months and all of a sudden it wasn’t working.  I went online and looked up the manual, but still couldn’t get it to work.  I emailed the help desk and had an email answer within a day. They gave me instructions (which worked) but also told me that they would exchange it out if that didn’t work.  To have a company stand by their product like that is something out of the 50′s!  I truly appreciate the customer service they provided, and they actually followed up with an email to be sure their directions worked.

-Kathy Keenan

best litter boxAs you can see, the ScoopFree self cleaning litter box system is the best thing to happen to cat owners. No more messy litter, no more scooping and dumping, and no more odors! Give it a try and see for yourself why these and other customers rave about the best litter box system out there today!

Cutting It Up With A Chainsaw

When it comes to having to get heavy lawn work done or when you trimming shrubs with chainsawhave a big construction project to tackle, you need to have a strong and powerful chainsaw that is as ready for the task ahead as you are. There are thousands of chainsaws available and they all come in a wide range of sizes, styles, power, and set ups.

From the small light weight chainsaws perfect for quick occasional jobs to the heavy duty chainsaws perfectly designed for the all day construction projects, there is one out there that is just right for you.

It is important to find the chainsaw that is best for your needs so you can get the job done right quick and easy. Below are three very different but equally useful chainsaws that might be just what you are looking for. Read the chainsaw reviews and decide for yourself what is best for you.

Husqvarna 440E  16 in. – Price  $280- $300

  •  Item Weight: 9.8 pounds, Shipping Weight 19 pounds
  • Tool-less chain tensioning, 16 inch bar
  • Quick release air filter to facilitate cleaning and replacement
  • Forged 3-piece crankshaft for maximum durability
  • CARB Compliant

Black and Decker chainsaw

Black & Decker 20V Max Lithium Ion 8-In. Chainsaw -Price $120-$150

  • Shipping Weight: 8 pounds
  • Up to 150 cuts on a single charge, up to 1-1/2-inch diameter
  • Powered by 20-volt MAX lithium-ion battery
  • Handles both soft and hard wood measuring up to 8 inches
  • 8-inch reduced kickback bar and low kickback chain
  • 2-year limited warranty includes battery and Energy Star charger

Poulan Pro PP5020AV 20-Inch Chainsaw- Poulan Price $180- $200 

  • Shipping Weight: 24 pounds
  • DuraLife Engine
  • Super clean air filter system
  • Effortless pull starting system and reduced vibration handle
  • Automatic chain oiler
  • Carrying case and on-board locking

As you can see, these chainsaws can cover a wide range of tasks and tackle a good number of projects. Depending on what your needs are and what exactly you are looking for, one of these might be just what you are searching for.

You can find these and other chainsaws at local hardware stores or online. Read through the chainsaw reviews wherever you do decide to get yours from and check the customer reviews so you can be sure you are making the right choice.

Light Bulb types and how to know what you need

There are many types of light bulbs available for use in the home. Each type has its pros and cons and some rooms need a certain type of light and some light bulbs work better in one room than another.

It make take a little bit of research to comb through the different types in order to see where each should be used and what works best where. With this handy guide this should be easier than ever to sort through the light bulb types.


This is the type of light bulb most people think of and is the most common type. It is easy to use, fit sin many fixtures and is usually the least expensive. This light bulb type has a warm and softlight bulb typeslight and does not bleach out of discolor skin tones and other colors.

Incandescent bulbs are good from anywhere between 700 to 1,000 hours and can be used in dinner switch fixtures. However, they are not the most energy efficient bulb and there are others types that last much longer.


This light bulb type is a variation of the incandescent bulb. They produce what is known as a white light and is the closest we can get to natural daylight. Colors appear sharper with halogen lights and they too can be used on dimmer switches.

They are more energy efficient than incandescent bulbs, but cost more and burn much hotter.

halogen light bulb typesThey are common used under range hoods or in recessed lighting in the ceilings and in some fixtures. It is important not to handle these bulbs with your bare hands.

They get so hot that the oil from your hands can cause super hot spots to form on the bulb which can cause them to shatter or explode.


These bulbs give off a flat, cold light, that is often described as being bluish in color and it can be very harsh on the eyes. It is similar to fluorescent ceilingdaylight but cannot be put on dimmer switches. There are many types of fluorescent light bulbs available.

They are commonly used in offices and stores and the most common ones are long tubes that fit within ceiling mounted fixtures. Fluorescent bulbs work well to light large areas.


Compact fluorescent bulbs (CFLs)

This is a light bulb type that consumes a quarter of the energy needed Fluorescent bulbto light the standard incandescent bulbs and they will also typically last 10 times longer. Unlike the other types, these bulbs have warmer, color-corrected tones so they do not discolor and affect light quality. They do contain trace amounts of mercury, but are fine so long as care is taken and broken bulbs are discarded correctly. Because of the mercury content, when CFLs burn out, they should be recycled so the traces of mercury does not pollute things.


It stands for “light-emitting diode,” and is a light bulb type that is long-lasting and extremely energy-efficient, and burn cold to the touch. They are not a good replacement for general bulbs thought LED bulbbecause they offer directional lighting.

They are best used for spot lighting such as under a display case or such, but not where diffused light is needed- like in a room.

Also, at prices from five to six times higher than other bulbs, these are not for everybody and every situation, but they are being used in more and more places.